The goal of braces is to move your teeth into a more correct and functional position. Having a misaligned bite or teeth that are out of place not only affects your smile, but the way you chew and talk. Crooked teeth are also harder to clean, putting you at risk of developing cavities.
Traditional braces address these problems through the use of three basic components: brackets, arch wire, and bonding. The brackets are fixed to your teeth with bonding material, and the arch wire runs through each bracket, held in place by small rubber bands. The arch wire exerts a continuous pressure on your teeth, pushing and pulling them into a specific position over a long period of time.
Other types of braces are available for patients who do not want to deal with the inconvenient aspects of traditional braces. These options include Invisalign®, which uses clear plastic aligners that fit on your teeth similar to a mouth guard, and Incognito™, which are bracketed braces worn on the back side of your teeth.
When pressure is applied to your teeth, the membrane surrounding the roots of your tooth expands on one side and contracts on the other, making the tooth slightly loose. Once the tooth stops moving, bone grows around the membrane to support the new position. This movement must be accomplished extremely slowly in order to avoid complications, which is why braces must generally be worn for around two years, with adjustments made every three to four weeks.
If you live in the Denver or Stapleton areas of Colorado and have further questions about braces, please contact Dr. Rudman and his experienced orthodontist team at Advanced Orthodontic Care today to schedule an appointment.